…then get out of this sauna as this story may be too hot to handle. It’s all about heat and the demands that come along with it. Our team loves unique projects and taking on challenges that others either can’t or aren’t willing to do. And this project was no exception.
For this Georgian Bay gem, the team was challenged with unique requirements such as the Grotto Sauna’s location (perched on granite bedrock, part of the southern edge of the Canadian Shield and ubiquitous to the 5,800 sq m bay), a “pedestrian skylight”, high temperatures and small window openings. Careful consideration and planning was necessary to achieve these high-performing, insulated glass units and ultimately create the most optimal spa retreat. The custom IG units are comprised of two to three plies of glass enclosing a hermetically sealed air space. Insulating glass was the most effective option to increase the window’s thermal performance by reducing heat loss.
The edges of the IG units have been placed far away from the opening in order to keep the primary sealant (butyl) away from high heat. A low-e coating was applied to the interior glass lite to stop the heat at its nearest point to the source and to reflect it back into the wooden oasis. Silicone was used as a secondary sealant for its superior mechanical and heat resistance capabilities, eliminating temperature as a concern altogether. The skylight was designed, with input from AGNORA’s Senior Technical Specialist, to withstand the snow loads and an occasional person standing on it. The glass has been laminated with SentryGlas®, an interlayer that has the highest resistance to high temperatures, while also retaining strength and clarity.
MAXIMIZING DAYLIGHT IN THE GROTTO SAUNA
With such a small opening, a high light transmission was chosen to maximize the natural daylight entering the sauna. The low-e coating applied, while minimizing the amount of ultraviolet and infrared light that can pass through glass, doesn’t compromise the amount of visible light that is transmitted.
In order to provide greater resistance to thermal stresses, and achieve specific break patterns for safety glazing applications, the components were subjected to a heat-treating process and tempered. Tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal treatments. It is four times stronger than annealed glass. Tempering shrinks the faces of the glass thus putting the outer surfaces into compression and the inner surfaces into tension. This imprisoned energy causes the glass, when broken, to shatter into small, granular chunks instead of splintering into jagged shards. The granular chunks are less likely to cause injury.
After all is said and done the one thing we learned is that we can stand the heat, especially for projects like these, and we won’t be getting out of the proverbial kitchen anytime soon. Thank you to architectural firm Partisans for such an incredible project.